AFL-CIO, A Short History of American Labor,. adapted from AFL-CIO American Federationist (March 1981).
American Social History Project, Who Built America v. I & II, New York: Pantheon, 1992.
Brinkley, Alan. American History: A Survey, New York, McGraw-Hill Inc., 1995.
Blackford, Mansel G., and K. Austin Kerr, Business Enterprise in American History, Boston: Houghton Mifflen Co., 1986.
Commons, John R., ed. A Documentary History of American Industrial Society, vol I-X. Cleveland, Oh.: The Arthur H. Clark Co., 1910.
Filippelli, Ronald L. Labor in the USA: A History. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984.
Philip S. Foner, Women and the American Labor Movement: From Colonial Times to the Eve of World War I, New York: The Free Press, 1979.
Foner, Philip S., We the Other People: Alternative Declarations of Independence by Labor Groups, Farmers, Woman's Rights Advocates, Socialists, and Blacks, 1829-1975., Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1976.
Foner, Philip S., History of the Labor Movement in the United States: From Colonial Times to the Founding of the American Federation of Labor, New York: International Publishers, 1947.
Gallick, Rosemary, and Judith O'Sullivan, Workers and Allies: Female Participation in the American Trade Union Movement, 1824-1976, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1975.
Graebner, William. and Leonard Richards, ed. The American Record: Images of the Nation's Past. Vol. I: to 1877. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1988.
Green, Janet Wells, From Forge to Fast Food: A History of Child Labor in New York State. Troy, New York: Council for Citizenship Education, 1995.
Hart, Albert B., American History told by Contemporaries, vol. III., New York: Macmillan & Co., 1901.
Microsoft Bookshelf 1994, Microsoft Corporation, 1994.
Microsoft Encarta 1995, Microsoft Corporation, 1995.
U.S. Department of Labor, Important Events in Labor History. GPO.