Labor Related Issues of the Period
- The mobilization for war brought thousands of women and minorities into industrial plants to replace the men who went off to war.
Labor Related Events of the Period
- Clayton Act passed which limits the use of injunctions in labor disputes.
- Ludlow Massacre in Colorado. Wives and children of striking miners are set aflame when National Guardsmen attack their tent colony during a strike against the Colora do Fuel and Iron Company.
- President appoints the Colorado Coal Commission to investigate the Ludlow Massacre and labor conditions in the mines following an unsuccessful strike by the United Mine Workers.
- LaFollette Seamen's Act, which regulates the working conditions of seamen, created.
- 8 hour day for railroad workers is created with the passage of the Adamson Act. This averts a nationwide strike.
- A Federal child labor law is enacted but is later declared unconstitutional.
- The Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) strike in the Bisbee, Arizona copper mines ended with the deportation of 1200 miners to the desert by the local sheriff.
- The president created a mediation commission, headed by the Secretary of Labor to adjust wartime labor difficulties.
- The Federal Government took control of the railroads until early 1920 under legislation which allowed government railroad operation during wartime.
- National War Labor Board created by President Wilson.
- Women in Industry division of the Department of Labor established.
- The nationwide Great Steel Strike led by William Z. Foster defeated.
- Labor leaders led by AFL President Samuel Gompers, recommended the inclusion of labor clauses creating an International Labour Organization into the Versailles Treaty.
- Boston Police Strike- the first strike by public safety workers in US history.
- United Mine Workers struck and earn a 27% wage increase during arbitration with a presidential commission. They were denied the 6 hour day and 5 day week.
- The Women in Industry division of the Department of Labor became the Women's Bureau, as part of the Department of Labor by an act of Congress.
- The women's suffrage amendment ratified.
- The Transportation Act established Railroad Labor Board.
Integrating Labor History into Effective Teaching of the Period.
Tom Mooney Case
"And I long to see the day when Labor will have the destiny of the nation in her own hands and she will stand as a united force and show the world what the workers can do." --- Mary Harris "Mother" Jones, 1830-1930