Labor Related Issues of the Period
Labor Related Events of the Period
- The Supreme Court held that nothing in the Clayton Act legalized secondary boycotts or protected unions against injunctions brought against them for conspiracy in restraint of trade.
- The Presidential Commission on Unemployment placed the main responsibility for unemployment relief upon local communities.
- In Truax v. Corrigan, the Supreme Court ruled that an Arizona law forbidding injunctions in labor disputes and permitting picketing was unconstitutional under the 14 amendment.
- The United Mine Workers was held not responsible for local strike action, and strike action was held not a conspiracy to restrain trade within the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. (Coronado Coal Co. v. UMMA)
- In southern Illinois, coal strikers kill twenty guards and strikebreakers in the "Herrin Massacre".
- AFL President Samuel Gompers dies. William Green becomes the AFL president.
- An amendment to the Constitution is proposed restricting child labor but not enough states passed the measure.
- The Railway Labor Act required employers to bargain collectively and not discriminate against employees who wanted to join a union. The act also provided for mediation and voluntary arbitration in labor disputes.
- The Longshoremen's and Harbor Worker's Compensation Act was passed.
- The Journeymen Stone Cutters' action in trying to prevent purchase of nonunion cut stone was held to be an illegal restraint of interstate trade. (Bedford Cut Stone Co. v. Journeymen Stone Cutters' Association, et al.)
- The Hayes-Cooper Act regulating the shipment of prison labor goods in interstate commerce was approved.
- The stock market crash in October began the longest economic period in American history.
Integrating Labor History into Effective Teaching of the Period.
"And I long to see the day when Labor will have the destiny of the nation in her own hands and she will stand as a united force and show the world what the workers can do." --- Mary Harris "Mother" Jones, 1830-1930